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Kids and drugs: The Vancouver teachers transforming substance use education

 

Art Steinmann wanted to revolutionize how we teach kids about drugs. The veteran educator saw that traditional drug education — based on scare tactics and intimidation — just wasn’t working. Worse, it was leaving kids unprepared for the realities of substance use. “It was based on very simplistic, black-and-white moralistic approaches to drugs,” says Steinmann. “You tell kids drugs are bad, they shouldn’t do them, and that the kids are bad if [...]

vancouversun.com

New Analysis Shows How Parole and Probation Violations Significantly Impact States’ Prison Populations and Budgets

Copyright © 2019 The Council of State Governments Justice Center,

New data reveals the startling extent to which probation and parole violations contribute to states’ high prison admissions and populations, as well as the subsequent cost to taxpayers.

 

VIEW THE REPORT

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Building a Multidisciplinary Pipeline of Researchers in Child Abuse and Neglect: 2020 Summer Training

Invitation to Apply for Competitive Trainee Award

Rationale: Child abuse and neglect is a significant public health concern in the United States and around the

world. According to recent statistics, in fiscal year 2017, there were over three million referrals for some form of

child maltreatment and more than 1,700 deaths during the year attributable to child abuse and neglect. The

magnitude of the problem, the devastating short and long term consequences, and the importance of cooccurring

contextual factors make this a challenging area of research requiring research from multiple

disciplines. Despite the scope, size, and costs associated with child abuse and neglect, however, there is a

dearth of scholars trained to conduct research in child abuse and neglect. As noted in the Institute of

Medicine (2014) report by the Committee on Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next

Decade, “Existing research and service system infrastructures are not sufficient for responding to this public

health challenge”.

This annual summer training institute is designed to help assure a continued pipeline of researchers interested

in advancing science regarding abuse and neglect. This requires an innovative, multi-disciplinary approach

that can take into account the multi-determined nature of this public health problem and its multiple and

cascading outcomes. Competitively selected trainees will receive awards to attend a week long summer

institute. Training activities of the institute will begin prior to the summer and extend beyond the on-site weeklong

training to include individual follow-up mentoring provided by trainers matched to participants’ interests.

Institute presenters (trainers) represent diverse fields (e.g., anthropology, criminology, genetics, law,

medicine, psychology, public health, and social work), methodological expertise, and cultural backgrounds.

This project is funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and

administered through a collaboration of two senior scholars (Drs. Melissa Jonson-Reid from Washington

University and Cathy Spatz Widom from John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New

York).

This competitive award will fund 15 early career or transitioning scholars with backgrounds in a variety

disciplines, including criminology, economics, law, neuroscience, genetics, medicine, psychology, psychiatry,

public health, public policy, social work, or sociology. Applicants need not have expertise in child maltreatment

but must have some training related to children’s health and development prior to the summer institute. Costs

of materials, food, lodging, travel, and communication with mentors are provided as part of the award. The

2020 summer training institute will be held in New York City, New York.

Timeline:

• October 15, 2019 - January 10, 2020: Applications accepted

January 10, 2020: Final due date for applications

• February 14, 2020: Awardees will be notified and pre-seminar readings will be distributed.

June 1 – June 5, 2020: 4 1/2 day seminar to be held at John Jay College in New York City.

• Mid-June, 2020: Follow-up calls with mentors

• July 17, 2020: Submission of final draft of brief research proposal (6 pages)

• August 15, 2020: Trainees receive feedback and suggestions for funding

Participant Commitment:

Trainees must be able to attend the on-site training, complete the readings prior to the seminar, and adhere

to the timeline for research plans.

Eligibility:

Applicants must have completed their PhD or MD (or equivalent degree). Applicants must meet early

career scientist criteria [meaning that the scholars must not yet have been a PI on any grant beyond the R03

or R21 (developmental) levels] OR be established researchers who are interested in transitioning to research

on child maltreatment but lack methodological training in this area.

All participants will be required to have some training related to children’s health or development to serve as a

foundation for participation. However, prior training specific to child maltreatment is not needed. Participants

must demonstrate an interest in pursuing research relevant to epidemiology (causes and consequences),

prevention, or intervention in the area of child maltreatment. Participants must also indicate how this training

will advance them in their chosen careers.

For this institute, we will accept up to 15 participants with a minimum of at least four different specialties or

disciplines represented. Applicants from under-represented ethnic/racial groups, persons with disabilities, or

persons from disadvantaged backgrounds are especially encouraged to apply.

Download (pdf)

EUCPN: Questionnaire on the evaluation of a crime prevention initiative

Were you involved in a crime prevention initiative?

 

 

 

 

We, in association with the Mid Sweden University (MIUN), are conducting a research to assess the experiences of the European Member States performing evaluations in activities aimed at crime prevention. The aim is to gain insight into existing practices as well as into characteristics of those activities that might not have been evaluated.

The research has the objective to reach as many crime prevention initiatives as possible, including those that were well-funded, received great publicity and perhaps targeted a vast population, but also other actions of smaller magnitude, with smaller budgets and more limited aims that probably were not evaluated. Only if it is guaranteed the access to all type of crime prevention activities, carried out by different authorities and institutions within each country, it will be possible design successful, supportive strategies that may serve us all. Recommendations and best practices will be formulated using the body of evidence established via inquiry.

Therefore the university is now recruiting participants in EU countries who were responsible for or part of the team that designed, executed or evaluated a crime prevention initiative. Participants are invited to answer an online questionnaire, available in 22 languages, through this link http://bit.ly/Evaluation-CrimePrevention-Europe.

The research team would be grateful if you, who have had an active role in a crime prevention , answer the questionnaire. Likewise, it would be of great help if you spread the information to people in your network that may serve as participants.

More information about the project and the researchers is available on MIUN's webpage.

 

Textfeld: PARTICIPATE

 

 

Study: Lockout laws do not decrease alcohol consumption, violent assaults

July 5, 2019

Zeb Holmes

A new study into the Queensland lockout laws has found that they have offered virtually no benefit in reducing violence or curbing dangerous alcohol consumption.

Researchers from the University of Queensland, Griffith University and the Queensland University of Technology studied the effect of the laws from 2014 to 2017. This included looking at blood alcohol readings outside affected areas, interviewing bar patrons and collecting crime data.

 

Findings

The researchers found that after lockout laws were introduced, people were more likely to attend licensed establishments at later times, were consuming the same amount as before the laws whilst inside and were accordingly more intoxicated when they left.

The laws were found to have contributed to patrons drinking more alcohol at home before leaving for licensed premises, and that they generally left the establishments with blood alcohol concentrations that were higher than before the laws.

“Study results were consistent with our predictions that following the introduction of the legislation, patrons increased their alcohol preloading and entered NEDs (night-time entertainment districts) later,” Griffith University Associate Professor Grant Devilly stated.

“People were substantially more inebriated as they entered the NEDs after the legislative change.”

Significantly, the study found no reduction in overall violent assaults.

 

Queensland laws

Queensland lockout laws require licensed venues to call last drinks by 2am, or 3am for places designated as “party” or “Safe Night precincts”.

Venues are prohibited from selling high alcohol content and “rapid consumption” drinks such as shots after midnight.

“We need interventions to address the specific needs of the night-time economies in Queensland,” Dr Devilly remarked.

“Alcohol-related problems in the city’s entertainment districts need to both increase the community’s understanding of alcohol’s effects and take preloading into account.”

 

NSW laws

The New South Wales Liquor Amendment Act 2014 was introduced by the State Government in February 2014, in response to several reported incidents of alcohol-fuelled violence.

The legislation generally requires licensed venues in the Sydney CBD, Kings Cross, Darlinghurst, The Rocks and Haymarket to impose lockouts at 1.30am and last drinks at 3am.

In 2016, the laws were reviewed by former High Court Justice Ian Callinan, who made some recommendations for concessions.

Mr Callinan’s review looked into the effectiveness of the laws in reducing alcohol-fuelled violence in lockout areas but, significantly, did not consider the shift of violent crimes to other areas and into homes, nor the enormous impact of the laws on businesses and employment.

The review led to the extension of lockouts and last drinks by half an hour for many venues. Takeaway and home delivery alcohol sales were also extended from 10pm to 11pm across NSW.

 

Impact on violent crime

A report by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR), released in April 2015, showed a 26% reduction in assaults in the lockout areas, and a 32% reduction in assaults in Kings Cross.

This account, therefore, reported that assaults in lockout areas decreased significantly, but it made clear that “the extent to which this is due to a change in alcohol consumption or a change in the number of people visiting the Kings Cross and Sydney Entertainment Precincts remains unknown.”

A March 2017 report, however, revealed a 12% increase in assaults in areas adjacent to lockout precincts, and a 17% increase in “easy-to-reach” areas such as Ultimo, Surry Hills, Bondi Beach, Coogee and Newtown.

The report showed a 13% decline in the Sydney CBD and 49% in Kings Cross, but commentators note that this corresponded with falls in foot traffic of up to 80% at night.

BOCSAR believes the displacement of violence is “of concern”, suggesting the situation be monitored over a number of suburbs and not just lockout areas.