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Global Youth Summit Against Violent Extremism

On September 28, 2015, the Counter Extremism Project (CEP) co-hosted the Global Youth Summit Against Violent Extremism in New York City with support from the White House and U.S. State Department. The Summit brought together 100 youth activists, government officials, and private sector experts from dozens of countries, including Afghanistan, Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kenya, Nigeria, and Pakistan to engage over new ideas on how to best build resilience against extremism. The Summit included a Youth CVE Marketplace to showcase innovative CVE work being done by young people around the world as well as the announcement of the Global Youth Action Agenda to Prevent Violent Extremism and Promote Peace, which was presented to President Obama at the U.N. Leaders’ Summit on Countering ISIL and Violent Extremism on September 29. Microsoft and Facebook also led breakout discussions on improving youth employment prospects and using technology to counter online radicalization. The Summit’s success reflects a key CEP goal—the recognition that youth, with government and private sector support, must play an important role in responding to the growing threat of extremism.

International RESTORATIVE JUSTICE WEEK

Europe 19-26/11/2017

RJ WEEK 2017

The International RESTORATIVE JUSTICE WEEK (#RJWeek) will take place all over Europe and beyond in the week between 19-26 November 2017. As usual, the theme of this #RJWeek is INSPIRING INNOVATION.

 

‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’ (IDEI).

The United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/68/163 at its 68th session in 2013 which proclaimed 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’ (IDEI). The Resolution urged Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date was chosen in commemoration of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2 November 2013.

This landmark resolution condemns all attacks and violence against journalists and media workers. It also urges Member States to do their utmost to prevent violence against journalists and media workers, to ensure accountability, bring to justice perpetrators of crimes against journalists and media workers, and ensure that victims have access to appropriate remedies. It further calls upon States to promote a safe and enabling environment for journalists to perform their work independently and without undue interference.

The focus on impunity of this resolution stems from the worrying situation that over the past decade, more than 700 journalists have been killed for bringing news and information to the public.

In 2012 alone, the UNESCO Director-General condemned the killing of 123 journalists, media workers, and social media producers of public interest journalism. In 2013, the figure decreased slightly to 91, but still represented the second deadliest year for journalists.

Irvin Waller: Smarter Crime Control: A Guide to a Safer Future for Citizens, Communities, and Politicians

Smarter Crime Control shows how to cut rates of murder, violence against women, traffic fatalities, and drug overdoses by 50%. It is a guide for citizens to understand the potential for safer communities at less cost to taxpayers. It explains the latest science to politicians so that they can choose to reduce violence and save taxes. In the United States, they would avoid $300 billion in harm to victims, while saving taxpayers $100 billion a year.

Specific chapters focus on how to retool policing and improve corrections so that they will stop crime and reduce re-offending. It calls for courts that prevent crime by solving problems. It uses an accumulation of scientific knowledge to show where to reinvest in families and youth in problem places to avoid chronic offending and violence on the streets. It points to actions to stop intimate and sexual violence against women. It shows how to cut the high number of victims of traffic crashes. It demonstrates fiscally responsible ways to achieve these milestones in community safety.

Political champions call for governments to get smart on crime. They no longer question the excesses of the war on drugs and mass incarceration. But Smarter Crime Control shows how to achieve even more impressive results – with a further 50% reduction in the harm to victims. It is also about fair and lean systems for safer communities – many fewer persons incarcerated unless prison is the only cost effective public safety option.

Read Smarter Crime Control to understand the future of crime policy in affluent democracies for the 21st century. See how its conclusions would make the United States the leader with the lowest rates of violent crime, the fairest systems of law enforcement, and the least waste of taxes on violent crime in the world.

REVIEWS

“Waller does a good job distinguishing between crime control and prevention, and he does a GREAT job of laying out an agenda for action.”

– John L. Worrall, professor of criminology, University of Texas at Dallas

Webinar: Children in conflict: innovative approaches to child protection

20 November 2017 11:00 - 12:30 GMT

The Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) programme, ODI and War Child UK invites you to a panel discussion on discuss innovative approaches to child protection in conflict-affected contexts. Come and hear from academics and practitioners who are using creative strategies and platforms to tackle the harmful, long-lasting impacts of conflict on children and young people. [Source: Overseas Development Institute].

Professional Certificate in Tackling Human Trafficking

27th November - 1st December 2017, London

UK Human trafficking is a $150-billion-a-year industry and is the world's fastest growing criminal enterprise, with an estimated 27 million victims. Tackling human trafficking has become a critical focus of the international community, as the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda has called for action to be taken urgently to "end modern slavery and human trafficking". Human trafficking is a $150-billion-a-year industry and is the world's fastest growing criminal enterprise, with an estimated 27 million victims. Tackling human trafficking has become a critical focus of the international community, as the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda has called for action to be taken urgently to "end modern slavery and human trafficking".

SVRI, IC and What Works Joint Webinar: Being Heard - Involving children and young people in participatory research on sexual violence - challenges and

Friday, December 1, 2017 - 11:00

Join us to hear Dr Silvie Bovarnick and Dr Helen Beckett from the ‘International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking’ at the University of Bedfordshire in the UK, talking about why and how we should engage children and young people in participatory research on sexual violence.

The ‘Being Heard’ project, a collaboration between the Sexual Violence Research Initiative and the International Centre, seeks to promote the ethical, meaningful and participatory involvement of children and young people in sexual violence research. As part of the project, a global scoping was undertaken to review international evidence on youth engagement in participatory research on sexual violence. Sharing emerging findings from the scoping, as well as other related research findings, the session will discuss some of the key barriers, risks, benefits and common ethical issues associated with this work. It will also share practical reflections on how we might meaningfully and ethically involve children and young people in participatory research on sensitive topics. This session aims to help participants to think about some of the practical, ethical and methodological issues associated with youth involvement in participatory research on sensitive issues. There will be a space for you to share some of your experiences, to ask questions and to reflect on some of the practical, ethical and methodological challenges associated with the participatory involvement of children and young people in different stages of the research process.

Who should attend the session?

This session is intended for all working in the field of violence research who are interested in using participatory approaches to involving children and young people in research on sensitive issues. We encourage researchers and practitioners to attend.

UNODC, UN volunteers help Niger process 230 terrorism cases in 60 days

With the assistance of UNODC and United Nations volunteers, Niger has processed 230 cases involving terrorism suspects, including 11 women and 25 children, in 60 days. Amid growing terrorist threats posed by various armed groups such as Boko Haram, Niger established a legal framework in 2011, enabling stronger responses through a criminal law reform and the creation of a judicial unit specialized in counterterrorism.

UNODC hosts world premiere of 'Trafficked', spotlights global human trafficking

UNODC hosts world premiere of 'Trafficked', spotlights global human trafficking Lights, Camera, Action! United Nations Headquarters in New York was the backdrop for a prestigious red-carpet premiere of the movie 'Trafficked', a searing human trafficking drama inspired by true events. Hosted by UNODC, the movie premiered at a packed ECOSOC Chamber with distinguished attendees from Governments, civil society organizations, and the arts and media community.

UNODC and Crime Stoppers International cement efforts to tackle organized crime in the Americas

Transnational organized crime groups, often funded by proceeds of criminal activities, exploit gaps in law enforcement to create new markets and expand their operations. To enhance international cooperation against transnational organized crime and to improve citizen security, UNODC keeps strengthening ties with crucial partners and participated at the 38th Annual Conference of Crime Stoppers International held in Panama City, Panama.

Fleeing Conflict—Trajectories of Displaced Persons

On 3 November 2016,

BICC hosted its annual International Academic Conference, focussing this year on the pressing global issue of internal displacement and refugee movements. Almost 65 million people are currently displaced worldwide, most of whom have been displaced for more than five years. Entitled “Fleeing Conflict—Trajectories of Displaced Persons”, the conference brought together academics from around the world to present and discuss conceptual and empirical research on the causes, consequences of and solutions for forced migration in current conflicts and displacement settings.

In his welcome address, Thomas Grünewald, State Secretary at the Ministry for Innovation, Science and Research of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia stressed the importance of innovative research on displacement and integration. Unlike some of the discourse in this field, the conference focussed on the issue of displacement from the perspective of the displaced themselves, highlighting their agency in the sometimes cyclical and often interrupted processes of departure, transit and arrival. Three consecutive panels were convened, beginning with scholarly presentations on the “Causes and Conditions of Displacement”, “(Interrupted) Transit and Forced Immobility” and finally, “Durable Solutions for Protracted Displacement”. A concluding panel summarized some of the key points of the day, including the need for more political solutions that target the root causes, and not only the consequences, of protracted displacement.

The conference was generously funded by the Foundation for International Dialogue of the Savings Bank in Bonn and the US Consulate General in Düsseldorf.

UNICEF: A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents

This report presents the most current data on four specific forms of violence – violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily. The report concludes with specific national actions and strategies that UNICEF has embraced to prevent and respond to violence against children.

Author:UNICEF

Price:Free Publication

date: November 2017

Publisher:UNICEF

Public Safety Canada: Research Summary "Programme de suivi intensif de Montréal – Gangs de rue [Montreal Intensive Supervision Program – Street Gangs]

Background The Programme de suivi intensif de Montréal – Gangs de rue (PSI-MTL/GDR) [Montreal Intensive Supervision Program – Street Gangs] was implemented in Montreal from 2009 to 2014 with 138 male offenders and 4 female offenders  aged 15 to 25 who were involved in criminal street gang activity and at a high risk of recidivism, or who were at risk of experiencing crimes associated with street gangs. The program, which was inspired by the Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression (Spergel et al., 1994), was intended to progressively align treatment principles between different partners and circulate information among stakeholders 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Treatment areas for the program included monitoring, supervision, assistance, and referrals for young people. An evaluation measured the impact of the PSI-MTL/GDR on offending behaviours and criminogenic risks, social integration, and the level of youth engagement in street gangs. A descriptive analysis of program costs was also carried out.

CEP:Effective practice: the past, present and future of probation research

During the Third World Congress in Tokyo, Peter Raynor, Professor at Swansea University, held a presentation about the history, present and future of effective practice.

An article by Peter Raynor.

From early optimism to ‘nothing works’

Since researchers first began looking seriously at probation and its effects, the pendulum has swung between optimism and pessimism. This article aims totrack and explain these movements, and to argue that we now know enough to enter a new period of realism, in which the question is not so much whether probation can be effective (we know it can), but how, with what support and in what policy contexts that effectiveness can be made real.

The origins of probation itself go back to the nineteenth century, but probation as we know it, as a public service provided within the criminal justice system, is largely a product of the twentieth century, and research on the impact of probation began in the 1950s. At that time, criminologists made largely positive statements: Manuel Lopez-Rey, the head of the United Nations Social Defence Section, wrote ‘If I were asked which, among the modern methods for the treatment of offenders is the most promising, without hesitation I would say: Probation’ (Lopez-Rey 1957). For the criminologist Max Grünhut (1952) the essential elements of probation were ‘conditional suspension of punishment, and personal care and supervision by a court welfare officer’.

During the 1960s probation, like other forms of social work, expanded in Europe, the United States and many other countries, alongside the general increase in state-provided welfare services. Its effectiveness was largely taken for granted, and this was still more or less the situation when I joined the Probation Service in England in 1970. However, within a very few years this era of optimism came to an end: serious research on both sides of the Atlantic began to raise questions about whether probation was doing any good at all. The major American review reported (and somewhat exaggerated) by Robert Martinson in 1974 gave us ‘very little reason to hope that we have in fact found a sure way of reducing recidivism through rehabilitation’, and a series of studies in the UK contributed to similarly pessimistic conclusions. For example, the UK Government’s ‘IMPACT’ study published in 1976 showed that probationers receiving intensive services on smaller caseloads did no better (actually slightly, but not significantly worse) than those supervised on normal caseloads. These and similar studies came to be summed up as ‘nothing works’, which remained the widespread orthodox view until the 1990s. It was, of course, popular with some politicians who were looking for reasons to reduce public expenditure. Using social science to evaluate probation At this point we need to think about social science and evaluation methods. Social-scientific service evaluation depends largely on three processes, which can be described as understanding, measurement and comparison. In our field, we need to understand what people are doing and how they are trying to do it; we need to measure effects, and crucially we need to compare those effects with what happens to other similar people receiving different services or inputs, or none. Early studies of probation, such as that by Leon Radzinowicz in 1958, reached optimistic conclusions by measuring outcomes but making no relevant comparisons with the results of other sentences. If such comparisons were included probation did not do so well, and first offenders actually reoffended more on probation than if they were fined. The ‘nothing works’ researchers knew about the need for measurement and relevant comparisons, but did not adequately understand or describe the work actually done by probation officers. They left it as what Jim Bonta in Canada has called the ‘black box’ of supervision. Measuring outputs without understanding inputs leaves open the possibility that there is a mixture of good and bad practice, which means that any good effects from the good practice are likely to be cancelled out by the bad practice, so that researchers will find no overall positive impact – and this is what they found. Detailed study of what practitioners were actually doing, and of the results of different practices, did not become generally available in criminal justice until the 1990s and they led in due course to a new era of optimism and to attempts in many countries to implement ‘what works’.

AIC: Police techniques for investigating serious violent crime: A systematic review

New research from Angela Higginson, Elizabeth Eggins and Lorraine Mazerolle is now available.

Abstract

Police use a variety of techniques in their investigation of serious violent crimes, such as homicide, robbery, assault and sexual assault. This paper systematically reviews experimental and quasiexperimental research on the effectiveness of these investigative techniques. Meta-analysis was used to combine effect sizes across multiple studies examining the same technique, crime and outcome.

Eighteen studies on 10 broad categories of investigative techniques were identified, with the largest number of studies examining specialised investigative techniques for sexual assault and the collection or testing of DNA and other physical evidence. While there were some promising findings, findings were mixed and, in some areas, there is limited evidence on which to draw strong conclusions.

Given the significant investment of police resources in the investigation of serious violent crime, the results highlight the need for more methodologically rigorous empirical research on both new and established investigative techniques available to law enforcement.

Day of the Imprisoned Writer

Each year, on 15 November PEN International, PEN Centres and PEN members from around the world commemorate the Day of the Imprisoned Writer to highlight and campaign on behalf of writers who face unjust imprisonment, attacks, harassment and violence simply for their free expression work. Started in 1981 by PEN International’s Writers in Prison Committee, the day is marked by promoting literary culture, celebrating the freedom to write, and taking action to call for justice and freedom for imprisoned and murdered colleagues. In addition to increasing the public’s awareness of persecuted writers in general, PEN uses the Day of the Imprisoned Writer to direct attention to several specific persecuted or imprisoned writers and their individual circumstances. Each of the selected writers is from a different part of the world, and each case represents circumstances of repression that occur when governments or other entities in power feel threatened by what writers have written. On this day, the general public is encouraged to take action—in the form of donations and letters of appeal—on behalf of the selected writers.

Digitally mediated domestic violence

Domestic violence survivors can be abused, monitored and controlled through a host of techniques and digital technologies, says QUT Associate Professor Molly Dragiewicz. "Surveillance, identity theft and intrusion are increasingly emerging as challenges for victims, advocates and support services," she said. Professor Molly Dragiewicz and Dr Bridget Harris, criminologists in QUT's School of Justice, are embarking on a study of domestic [...]

Community Violence Exposure and Conduct Problems in Children and Adolescents with Conduct Disorder and Healthy Controls

Research ARTICLE

Front. Behav. Neurosci., 06 November 2017

Exposure to community violence through witnessing or being directly victimized has been associated with conduct problems in a range of studies. However, the relationship between community violence exposure (CVE) and conduct problems has never been studied separately in healthy individuals and individuals with conduct disorder (CD). Therefore, it is not clear whether the association between CVE and conduct problems is due to confounding factors, because those with high conduct problems also tend to live in more violent neighborhoods, i.e., an ecological fallacy. Hence, the aim of the present study was: (1) to investigate whether the association between recent CVE and current conduct problems holds true for healthy controls as well as adolescents with a diagnosis of CD; (2) to examine whether the association is stable in both groups when including effects of aggression subtypes (proactive/reactive aggression), age, gender, site and socioeconomic status (SES); and (3) to test whether proactive or reactive aggression mediate the link between CVE and conduct problems. Data from 1178 children and adolescents (62% female; 44% CD) aged between 9 years and 18 years from seven European countries were analyzed. Conduct problems were assessed using the Kiddie-Schedule of Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia diagnostic interview. Information about CVE and aggression subtypes was obtained using self-report questionnaires (Social and Health Assessment and Reactive-Proactive aggression Questionnaire (RPQ), respectively). The association between witnessing community violence and conduct problems was significant in both groups (adolescents with CD and healthy controls). The association was also stable after examining the mediating effects of aggression subtypes while including moderating effects of age, gender and SES and controlling for effects of site in both groups. There were no clear differences between the groups in the strength of the association between witnessing violence and conduct problems. However, we found evidence for a ceiling effect, i.e., individuals with very high levels of conduct problems could not show a further increase if exposed to CVE and vice versa. Results indicate that there was no evidence for an ecological fallacy being the primary cause of the association, i.e., CVE must be considered a valid risk factor in the etiology of CD.

AIC report: Police detainee perspectives on police body-worn cameras

New research from Emmeline Taylor, Murray Lee, Matthew Willis and Alexandra Gannoni is now available.

Abstract

Surveillance technologies have been playing an increasingly significant role in crime control. As part of this development, recent years have seen the introduction of police bodyworn cameras (BWCs) in many countries.

Despite the costs involved in purchasing equipment and storing the large amounts of data generated, there is a dearth of evidence to support their mainstream use as part of law enforcement activities.

There remains little understanding about the impact and effectiveness of BWCs, and less still on how the police, members of the public and, importantly, arrestees perceive and experience the cameras.

In this study, 899 adult police detainees were interviewed about their perceptions and experiences of police BWCs through an addendum to the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) program.

Findings suggest that police detainees in Australia are largely supportive of the use of police BWCs, but this was predicated on a number of operational and procedural requirements. The findings have implications for the use of BWCs as an everyday part of policing apparatus.

Management Skills for Police Leaders – CPD course at the Institute for Global City Policing – Book now!

Course overview

This five-day CPD course draws on management lessons from the private and public sector and applies them to the modern policing environment. The course has been designed to equip police personnel with the necessary management skills to serve as future leaders within modern police forces. The course has been developed under the aegis of the Institute for Global City Policing, an independent centre based at University College London’s Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science (the JDI).

Course Content

Topics studied in this course will include:

• types of effective leadership styles 

• management skills,

• enhancing communication skills;

• media engagement;

• motivational strategies,

• managing political expectations, and

• succession planning.

The course will also focus on lessons police managers can draw from the voluntary sector, which have special salience given the increasing reliance of the UK police on volunteers, e.g. special constables, citizen patrols, and neighbourhood watch coordinators.

Course Dates

12th to 16th February 2018 (Note: This is a five-day block residential course, ie. It must be attended at our venues in central London.)

Case studies

The course will examine how Turnaround Management has transformed police organisations and the role of Strategic Leadership in engendering reforms and modernization. These case studies will be used to develop an understanding of the mechanism and implementation of change and reform concepts.

Who this course is for

This short course is suitable for dynamic officers wishing to become future leaders of a modern police organisation, who are versed in evidence based practices, are able to use scientific principles to make smart decisions, engender change and transformation and aim to be excellent managers. By equipping officers with these skills and grounding practice and policy in ethical considerations, this CPD offers excellent value to individuals and law enforcement organisations wishing to invest in developing future leaders.